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2014年秋新版人教版九年级英语Unit 3 Grammar Focus

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Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are? Grammar Focus The object clause

一、宾语从句的概念 在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句。 We know Mr Green teaches English. She asked if these answers were right. 二、宾语从句三要素 引导词(连接词) 语 序

时 态

Complete the sentences with if / whether. / whetherthere 1. Uncle Wang came up to see if __________ was anything wrong with the machine. whether 2. The shop keeper asked my father ________ or not he wanted to choose a big Christmas tree. whether to go or stay. 3. I don’t know __________ If 4. ________ that is true, what should we do?
Whether they will ever become future 5. ________ Olympic champions only time will tell.

?Object

clauses with ? wh-questions

Read the sentences below, paying attention to the underlined parts.
Excuse me, do you know where I can buy some medicine?

Cloud you tell me how to get to the post office?
Can you tell me when the band starts playing this evening? I wonder where we should go next.

I wonder when the park closes today.
Could you tell me where the restrooms are first? Do you know where we can get some good food quickly?

Let’s ask what time the band starts.

(一)连接词。特殊疑问句作宾语从句时不 需要再加连接词,疑问词就是连接词,并且 不能省略。 I ask what you are doing now. 我问你现在正在干什么? (二)词序。用“特殊疑问词+陈述句”的 词序,与一般疑问句变宾语从句时基本相同。 He didn’t tell me when we would meet again. 他没告诉我什么时候我们再见面。

连接词

宾语从句是由陈述句转化成的,连接词用 that; 宾语从句是由一般疑问句转化成的,连接词 用if或whether;
宾语从句是由特殊疑问句转化成的,连接词 直接用特殊疑问词(如who, what, why, where, whose)做引导词,后面变为陈述语序。

如:

I wonder if he is a driver.
我想知道他是否是个司机。

Do you know where I can get a dictionary?
你知道我在哪里能买到词典吗?

语序 不管什么类型的宾语从句,总是用陈述句 语序,即从句的连接词后是主语、谓语、 宾语的语序。当连接词做主语时,后面直 接跟谓语和宾语。

I shall write to you what I want to say.
我会写给你我想说的话。

I don’t know who wants to borrow these magazines.
我不知道谁想借这些杂志。

时态 主句和从句的时态须保持一致。如果主句 为一般现在时,从句可根据需要选择各种 时态;如果主句是一般过去时,从句只能 用过去的某种时态(包括一般过去时、过去 进行时、过去完成时、过去将来时等)。 I’m sorry to hear that your mother is ill. 听说你母亲病了,我很难过。 She didn’t know that Tom had left for Shanghai. 她不知道汤姆已去了上海。

宾语从句的注意事项

1. 引导词及语序的变化规律 句式 引导词 语序 陈述句 that(口语中常省略) 不变 一般疑问句 if / whether 陈述语序
特殊疑问句 特殊疑问词 陈述语序

2. 时态 ( 1 )如果主句是一般现在时或将来 时,宾语从句可根据句意的需要而选用 任何一种时态。 ( 2 )若主句是一般过去时时,宾语 从句用表示过去的某种时态。

1. 当宾语从句的内容是客观事实或科学真理 时,不论主句是什么时态,从句都用一般现 在时态。 2. 当主句谓语动词为think,suppose,guess, believe等, 并且主语为第一人称时,从句的否 定词应转移为对主句谓语动词的否定, 即否定 前移。

例如: The teacher said (that) the earth goes around the sun. I don't think she cares, does she? You don't think she cares, do you? He doesn't think he cares, does he?

3. “两副面孔” if 和 when 等既能引导宾语从句,又能引导状 语从句。因此,碰到此种情况要认真分析。当 从句表示将来时,若引导的是宾语从句,它们 的时态常用一般将来时;若引导的是状语从句, 它们的时态常用一般现在时代替将来时。 If it rains tomorrow, I won’t come.(时间状 语从句) I don’t know if it will rain tomorrow. (宾语 从句)

宾语从句用法 宾语从句需注意,几点事项应牢记。 一是关键引导词,不同句子词相异。 陈 述 句 子 用 that ; 一 般 疑 问 是 否 ( if, whether)替; 特殊问句更好办,引导还用疑问词。 二是时态常变化,主句不同从句异。主句 若为现在时,从句时态应看意;主句若为过 去时,从句时态向前移。 三是语序要记清,从句永保陈述序。

Exercise
1.Can you see________? A. what he’s reading B. what is he reading C. what does he read D. he reads what 2.Does Jack come from Japan? Do you know?( 合并成一个句子) Do you know _____ _____ from Japan? if Jack comes 3. --- What did your son say in the letter? --- He told me that he _____ the Disney the next day. A. will visit B. has visited C. is going to visit D. would visit

4. Somebody called you just now, but I didn’t know ______. A. who were they B. who they were C. who was it D. who it was 5. I want to know_____. A. what is his name B. what’s his name C. that his name is D. what his name is 6. ---Could you tell me ___ she is looking for? ---Her cousin, Susan. A. that B. whose C. who D. which

7. Miss Green didn’t tell us _______ in 2002. A. where does she live B. where she lives C. where did she live D. where she lived 8. I don’t know when __________. A.will the train leave B. the train will leave C. would the train leave D. the train leave 9. Do you know _______ during the coming summer holiday? A. what will Tom do B. what did Tom do C. what Tom will do D. what Tom did

10. In the bookshop, a reader asked the shop keeper _____ D Who Moved My Cheese was an interesting book. A. that B. how C. what D. if

11. — I don't know _____ A Mr. Green will come to see us. — He will help us with our English.
A. why B. when C. how D. where

12. — We never know _____ B the old man is.

— They say he is a teacher.
A. what B. who C. which D. where

13. I was told _____ D Bill Gates was thirteen
he began to play with computers.

A. that how
C. when that

B. how that
D. that when

14. — Do you know _____? D I'm going to see him. — Sorry, I don't know. A. where does Mr. Li live B. where did Mr. Li live C. where Mr. Li lives D. where Mr. Li lived 15. — W here do you think _____ he _____ the computer? A — Sorry, I have no idea. A. /; bought B. has; bought C. did; buy D. does; buy

who is singing 16. Do you know _________________?( 谁

正在唱歌)
she is talking with 17. Do you know who ____________________?

(她正在和谁谈话)
happened yesterday 18. Do you know what _____________________?

(昨天发生了什么事)

句型转换 1. “I am getting on well with my new classmates,” Lucy says. (改为复合句) that she ______ is Lucy says ______ getting on well with her new classmates. 2. Do you have a QQ number? The girl wants to know. (改为复合句) have The girl wants to know ______ you ______ if a QQ number.

3. Where is the post office? Can you tell me? (改为复合句) the post ______ office Can you tell me where ______ ______ ______ ______? is 4. What time will the airplane take off? The woman asked. (改为复合句) when ______ the airplane The woman asked ______ ______ would take off. ______

5. “The earth travels around the sun,” The geography teacher said. (改为复合句) The geography teacher said that the earth travels _______around _______ the sun. 6. I think it will be sunny tomorrow. (改为否 定句) don’t ______ think it ______ will ______ be I ______ sunny tomorrow.

【2011?盐城】14. — Excuse me. Could you tell me _______? — It will leave at 4:00 p.m. A. how will you go Shanghai B. how you will go to Shanghai C. when will the bus leave for Shanghai D. when the bus will leave for Shanghai 【解析】从答句知问的应该是时间,排除A和 B。又因为宾语从句必须用陈述语序,故选D。

【2011安徽芜湖】48. --- Could you tell me _________? --- You can take No. 16 bus. A. how can we get to the Olympic Park B. how we can get to the Olympic Park C. how did we get to the Olympic Park D. how we got to the Olympic Park 【解析】特殊疑问句做宾语从句时,用陈述语 序;可排除A、C;根据答语可知问句用一般 现在时,可排除D;故B为正确答案。

C 【2013铜仁】— I wonder _______ at 8:00 last night? — I was watching NBA. A. what were you doing B. what did you do C. what you were doing D. what are you doing

A 【2013北京】I don't remember ______ the book yesterday. A. where I put B. where did I put C. where will I put D. where l will put C 【2013漳州】They wonder _______ robots will make humans lose their jobs or not. A. that B. if C. whether

【2013恩施】--- I wonder when _____ be held. A --- If it _____, we’ll have it next Monday. A. the sports meeting will; doesn’t rain B. will the sports meeting; doesn’t rain C. the sports meeting will; will not rain

B 【2013湛江】--- I want to know _______. --- Sorry. I’ve no idea. But she was here just now. A. where is Ann B. where Ann is C. where was Ann D. where Ann was 【2013盐城】People in Yancheng C are proud of _______ they have achieved in the past thirty years. A. how B. which C. what D. when




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